Graham Poll's three yellow cards, Croatia v Australia, 2006
The only English referee at the last World Cup was Graham Poll, a man chosen by the FA as the finest official in the Premier league, who had hopes of taking charge of the final.
Unfortunately his World Cup ended after Australia's final group match against Croatia, when the pressure appeared to get to him as he awarded Croatia's Josip Simunic three yellow cards before remembering to send the player off.
Harald Schumacher poleaxes Patrick Battiston, West Germany v France, 1982
A truly classic World Cup semi final between Michel Platini's France and a Germany side boasting Karl-Heinz Rumenigge is remembered not for the thrilling display of attacking football that yielded four goals in extra time, but for a refereeing blunder that became known as "the crime of the century".
With the score balanced at 1-1, French substitute Battiston picked up a through ball from Platini moments before being steamrollered by Schumacher, the German goalkeeper, who appeared to make absolutely no attempt to play the ball.
The collision left Battiston unconscious on the ground with three teeth knocked out, but the referee awarded no card or even free kick. The game finished 3-3 and inevitably it was the Germans who progressed on penalties.
Frank Lampard's disallowed goal, Germany v England, 2010
England were 2-1 down against a rampant German side when an effort from Lampard hit the underside of the bar and landed a foot past the goal line before rebounding out of the net. The goal was disallowed by the officials, who judged it had not crossed the line.
A dismal performance from England saw Germany run out 4-1 winners, but the international outcry following the goal escalated calls for Fifa to introduce goal-line technology. On Thursday, Fifa's general secretary indicated that refereeing arrangements would be changed for the next world cup in 2014.
Diego Maradona's "hand of God", Argentina v England, 1986
Arguably the most infamous moment in World Cup history. England goalkeeper Peter Shilton, jumped to collect a ball in the penalty area but was beaten to it by Maradona, who used his hand to punch it into the goal.
The referee judged that 5ft 5in Maradona had simply outjumped the 6ft 1in Shilton to win the ball with his head, and the goal stood. Maradona showed no remorse for his trickery, referring to the incident as the "hand of God".
Rivaldo's Oscar bid, Brazil v Turkey, 2002
One of the most talented modern Brazilian footballers forever marred his image in his final World Cup tournament for outrageously feigning injury while the referee's back was turned.
Turkey's Hakan Unsal kicked the ball to Rivaldo, who was preparing to take a corner, but the ball flew too far and hit the Brazil player midway up his leg.
Rivaldo went down clutching his face, duping officials into thinking Unsal had smashed the ball at his head, and the Turkish player was sent off. Brazil won the match 2-1, and went on to take the trophy.
Thierry Henry's handball, France v Ireland, qualifier, 2009
A playoff to determine which side would qualify for the 2010 finals saw a spirited Irish side resist France for 90 minutes and much of injury time, but they were left seething with injustice after France's dramatic last-minute winner.
Thierry Henry, viewed as every inch the model footballer, led an attack into the Ireland penalty area but twice used his hand to prevent the ball going out of play before crossing for William Gallas to win the game to France.
"The book" rules out last-minute winner, Brazil v Sweden, 1978
Clive Thomas, a Welsh referee dubbed "the book" because of his rigorous application of the laws of the game, broke Brazilian hearts by denying them a 2-1 win over Sweden in the first round.
The South Americans thought they had won through Zico's last-minute header, but Thomas blew the final whistle a fraction of a second before the ball crossed the line, and ruled that the goal did not count.
Spain robbed by referee as hosts progress, South Korea v Spain, 2002
The whole world became swept up in South Korea's remarkable charge to the semi-finals, but conspiracy theories abounded after the hosts progressed due to a number of questionable decisions in their quarter final against Spain, which South Korea eventually won on penalties.
First the Egyptian referee ruled out a Spain goal due to an alleged offence in the build-up, but TV replays could not identify any infringement. Later Fernando Morientes thought he had scored a winner for Spain in extra time, but the linesman judged that the ball had left the field before it was crossed - another call thrown into doubt by tv footage.
Mexico score from opponents' free kick, Mexico v El Salvador, 1970
El Salvador were left stunned when hosts Mexico opened the scoring in the 44th minute when Javier Valdivia scored following a free kick taken by his team-mate Aaron Padilla.
Stunned, that is, because the referee had awarded the foul to El Salvador before Padilla stepped up and claimed the free kick for his own team.
Despite furious protests from the El Salvador players, the referee bafflingly allowed the goal to stand. Mexico ran out 4-0 winners.
Pele kicked out of World Cup by Portugal, Brazil v Portugal, 1966
Brazil were eliminated from the competition from the first round after losing a crucial group match against Portugal, whose tactics appeared to involve kicking the world's greatest player until he could barely stand.
A particularly brutal foul from Joao Morais - for which he was not sent off - left Pele limping around the field for the remainder of the game, with substitutions not allowed at the time. The Brazilian swore he would never play in another World Cup, but later changed his mind and inspired his side to victory in 1970.
And one that we'll never know...Geoff Hurst's 'goal', England v West Germany, 1966
A classic World Cup moment that still stirs up controversy between the rival nations. Hurst's thunderous shot crashed off the bar and towards the line in the World Cup final - but was it a goal or wasn't it?
Admittedly, replays appear to show the ball touching the line as it lands, but it's difficult to tell from the angle of the camera...and wasn't footage grainy in those days?